Pixels Camp

Quizshow Challenges

Kernel Panic

This challenge was part of 2019's qualifiers, but should still be solvable. If you just want to see it running, click here to load the winning (shortest) solution into the answer box below.

Welcome to this year's code golf challenge! As a golfer, your task will be to implement an image filter in JavaScript, using the shortest code you can possibly write.

You're encouraged to break every coding best-practice, use every obscure trick in the book, and sneak through holes in the quizmaster's test suite (while avoiding its traps), but you cannot use any external code or make remote connections of any kind.

The Context

Inside most image processing software, and many machine learning pipelines, lies an operation called a convolution, a fancy name for a bunch of multiplications and sums to produce effects such as blurring, sharpening, embossing, or edge detection.

Given an image and a small two-dimensional array of numbers – called a convolution matrix or a kernel – center the matrix on a pixel and multiply that pixel and each of its neighbors by their corresponding matrix positions. Then, the new center pixel is the sum of these individual multiplications, divided by the sum of the matrix's values.

Doing this to all the pixels in an image is called an image convolution, and the final division step is called normalization.

These are the basics, enough to get you through this challenge, but you should also watch this short computerphile video or check out this wikipedia article for more technical details. But first, let's find out what's required for this challenge…

The Challenge

For this challenge you must write a JavaScript function "f" taking four parameters and returning a new image filtered according to some arbitrary convolution matrix:

function f(width, height, image, matrix) {
    return image;

The image is an Uint8Array of colors in RGB order, the matrix is a 3x3 array of floats, and the return value is an Uint8Array matching the input image.

The convolution should be applied to each color channel separately and out-of-image positions in the convolution matrix should be matched with the the nearest edge pixel.

Skip normalization if the convolution matrix sums to zero and clamp values that end up too small or too big to fit an 8-bit range.

Testing Your Code

The image and convolution matrix below are run against whatever code you enter into the answer box. The quizmaster will check your answer using more than just one input image and convolution matrix, so devise your own tests to catch possible corner cases.

The simplest convolution matrix is called the identity and does nothing. Other known matrices include shift down, mean blur, sharpen, gaussian blur, edges, or emboss.

Remember that nothing will happen until you make it happen by writing some code below. Also, keep an eye on the JavaScript console, as messages will appear there.

Note: The execution engine used to validate answers is unspecified and support for bleeding edge features and syntax is not guaranteed. The only thing you can assume is that the testing environment will remain unchanged throughout the whole challenge.

Challenge Answer

Submit your code for review using the form below. Since this a competition for the shortest answer, you can override previous submissions until the challenge closes, but beware: at that point only your last answer will count. Avoid dying on the beach!

Length: 0 bytes

If you have questions, go to the #quizshow channel on Slack and ask away (sign up if you're not there yet). This page may get updated as well, with hints or clarifications.